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    Conversation module

    This module will be the most important part of this wikibook as teaching conversation is the ultimate aim of this wikibook. I plan to have ten lessons in this module each devoted to some specific situation and setting in which the conversation takes place. The following is the material in intend to cover.

    1. Meeting people 2. Introducing yourself 3. Introducing others 4. Parting

    5. Seeking attention 6. Seeking permission 7. Seeking information 8. Thanking people

    9. Making telephone call 10. Ending a call 11. Dealing with wrong number 12. Leaving message

    13. Seeking advice 14. Seeking suggestion 15. Seeking opinion on something 16. Seeking help

    17. Talking about people 18. Talking about places 19. Talking about food 20. Talking about weather

    21. Discussing films 22. Discussing proposals 23. Discussing public issues 24. Getting nostalgic

    25. Expressing emotions 26. Expressing satisfaction 27. Expressing hope/surprise 28. Expressing remorse

    29. Asking for directions 30. Asking for something in store 31. Asking for price 32. Bargaining in the shop

    33. Sending message 34. Delivering message 35. Congratulating someone 36. Conveying condolences

    37. Talking about success 38. Talking about failure 39. Talking about fear 40. Talking about hopes & aspirations

    Suggestions will be gratefully received.

    Teaching the Gurmukhi script

    Let's try to create some great lessons, which will make it really easy to learn to read/write the Gurmukhi script. The idea is to introduce one letter at a time and to provide plenty of exercises after each letter. The best kind of exercise allows students to read a new word and immediately understand the meaning. This makes them feel very successful and it motivates them.

    This teaching method has been successfully used for Greek (see the

    Modern Greek wikibook) and Korean . Let's use it for Punjabi now!

    This page is for preparation.

    Step 1: Collect a lot of Punjabi words, names or place names that are immediately understandable to the average English speaker

    Step 2: Use this list to devise a good order of introduction for the letters

    Step 3: Create the actual lessons

    Right now we are at step 1, so let's collect suitable words and names!

    Recognizable Punjabi words and names

    ਓਰੇਕਲ = oracle ਓਕੇ = OK ਉਲਿੰਪਕ = Olympic

    ਆਫਿਸ = office

    ਆਪਰੇਸ਼ਨ = operation

    ਆਰਡਰ = order

    ਆਕਸੀਜਨ oxyge

    ਆਮਲੇਟ = omellete

    ਅਕਤੂਬਰ = October

    ਅਲਮਾਰੀ = cupboard

    ਅਕੈਡਮੀ acade

    ਆਊਸ = ounce

    ਇੰਜਨ = engine

    ਇੰਨਜੀਨੀਅਰ = engineer

    ਸਕੂਲ = school ਸੂਟ = suit ਸਕਿੰਟ = second

    ਸਵਿਚ = switc

    ਸਲੰਡਰ = Cylinder

    ਸਟੇਜ = stage

    ਸਕੂਟਰ = scooter

    ਸਾਇਕਲ cycle

    ਹੀਰੋ = hero ਹੁਕ = hook

    ਹਾਕੀ = hockey

    ਹੈਂਡਲ = handl

    ਕੋਟ =coat

    ਕੋਨਾ = kona (corner)

    ਕੰਪਿਊਟਰ = computer ਕੱਟ = c

    ਕੱਪ = cup ਕੋਇਲਾ = coal

    ਕੰਪਨੀ = company

    ਕੇਤਲੀ = ketly (kettl

    ਕੈਂਸਰ = cancer

    ਕੈਪਸੂਲ = capsule

    ਕ੍ਰਿਕਟ = cricket

    ਕਲੱਬ = club ਕੈਮਰਾ = camera ਕਲਿਪ = clip

    ਖਾਕੀ = khaki (color

    of police uniform)

    ਗੇਟ = gate ਗੈਸ = gas

    ਗਲਾਸ = glass

    ਗਰਾਮ =gram

    ਗਲੂਕੋਜ = glucose

    ਚੈਰੀ = cherry

    ਚੀਤਾ = cheetah

    ਚੱਟਨੀ = chutney

    ਚੈੱਕ = chequ

    ਜੱਜ = jaj (judge)

    ਜੌਕਰ = joker ਜੰਗਲ = jungleਜੇਲ = j

    ਟੌਪ = top ਟਾਂਗਾ = tonga ਟਾਈਮ = time

    ਟਰੱਕ = truck ਟਰੈਕਟਰ = tractor

    ਟੂਰਨਾਮੈਂਟ = tournament

    ਡੈਸਕ = desk ਡਰਾਈਵਰ = driver

    ਡਾਲਰ = dollar

    ਢਾਕਾ = Dhak

    ਤਾਜ = Taj ਨਿਬ = nib ਨੋਟ = note

    ਪਜਾਮਾ = pyjamma

    ਪਾਸ = pass

    ਪੌਊਡਰ = powder ਪੈੱਨ = p

    ਪਿਨ = pin ਪਲੇਟ = plate

    ਪਲਾਸਟਿਕ = plastic

    ਪੇਪਰ = paper

    ਪ੍ਰੋਗਰਾਮ = programme

    ਪੌਲਿਸ਼ = polish

    ਪੋਲੀਸ = police

    ਪੌਂਡ = Poun

    ਫੇਲ = fail (fail)

    ਫੋਨ = phone

    ਫੁਟਬਾਲ = football ਫੁਟ = f

    ਬੇਰ = ber (berry)

    ਬੱਸ = bus (bus) ਬੋਰਡ =board ਬਿਸਕੁਟ biscui

    ਬਲਬ = bu;b ਬੱਗੀ = buggy ਬੂਟ =boot ਬੋਤਲ = bottle

    ਬੈਂਕ = bank ਬੁਰਸ਼ = brush

    ਮੈਂਬਰ = member

    ਮਿੰਟ = minute

    ਮੀਟਰ = meter

    ਮੋਟਰ ਸਾਈਕਲ = motor cycle

    ਰਾਜਾ = raja (rajah)

    ਰੇਡੀਓ = radio

    ਰਿਪੋਰਟ = report

    ਲੁੱਟ = lut (loot)

    ਲਾਵਾ = lava

    ਵੈਲਡਿੰਗ = welding

    (please add more here!)

    I have added a few more words above - Jaspal Singh 02:38, 22 July 2008 (UTC)

    Names and words that are probably recognizable

    ਓਸਲੋ = Oslo

    ਅਮਾਨ = Amman

    ਆਬਾ = ABBA (the band)

    ਅੰਨਾ = Anna (name)

    ਇਰਾਨ = Iran

    ਇਰਾਕ = Iraq

    ਸਾਨਾ = Sana'a

    ਸਿਉਲ = Seoul

    ਹਵਾਨਾ = Havana

    ਕੋਕੋ = cocoa

    ਕੈਨਾਡਾ = Canada

    ਕਿਊਬਾ = Cuba

    ਕਰੈੱਮ = creme

    ਕਿਲੋ = kilo

    ਗਾਜ਼ਾ = Gaza

    ਗਿਨੀ = Guinea

    ਘਾਨਾ = Ghana

    ਚੀਨ = China

    ਚੈਡ = Chad

    ਜੈਜ਼ = jazz (music)

    ਟੋਗੋ = Togo

    ਡਿਸਕ = disk not recognizable

    ਢਾਕਾ = Dhaka

    ਪਰਮਾਣੂ = atom not recognizable

    ਪਨਾਮਾ = Panama

    ਪੌਲ = Paul (name)

    ਬਾਰਬਰਾ = Barbara (name)

    ਬੌਨ = Bonn

    ਬੀਅਰ = beer

    ਬੈਂਕ = bank

    ਬਾਰ = bar

    ਮਨਾਮਾ = Manama

    ਮਾਲੀ = Mali

    ਮੋਰੱਕੋ = Morocco

    ਮੀਲ = mile

    ਯੈੱਨ = Yen (currency)

    ਰੋਮ = Rome

    ਰੌਕ = rock (music)

    ਲੀਮਾ = Lima

    ਵੌਨ = Won (currency)

    ਵੀਆਨਾ = Vienna

    ਵੀਡੀਉ (ਚਲ-ਚਿਤਰ) = video

    ... what are these in Punjabi / Gurmukhi script? ... I have added the Punjabi words above for the English ones given by you and have indexed then alphabetically. Regards.

    Thanks. We'll need more words though. Can you think of any words that sound similar in English and Punjabi? Here are some more that should work:

    mom papa Lille (French city) Benin Libya Riga Guyana Oman Tokyo Yemen Peru Japan Toronto London Maria Ivan Caracas Saddam Coca Cola Manila Milan (city in Italy) Nepal Sudan Korea Madrid Madras Bahamas Dubai Kabul music sugar lemon

    Order of introduction

    Here's a first idea for introducing the letters. This is just a start, we need a lot more Punjabi words and names.

    1. Introduce letters ਆ (A), ਬ (B) and ਰ (R). This leads to the following practise words: ਆਬਾ ABBA, ਬਾਰ bar (bar),

    ਬਾਰਬਰਾ barbra (Barbara)

    1. Explain about the other vowels (would be better to split this, too). This leads to the practise words: ਬੇਰ ber (berry), ਬੀਅਰ beer (beer)

    2. Introduce the letter ਨ (N). Practise with ਅੰਨਾ ana (Anna), ਬੌਨ bon (Bonn), ਇਰਾਨ iran (Iran)

    3. Introduce the letter ਕ (K). Practise with ਇਰਾਕ irak (Iraq), ਕੋਕੋ (cocoa), ਬੈਂਕ (bank), ਰੌਕ (rock)

    4. Introduce the letter ਮ (M). Practise words: ਅਮਾਨ (Amman), ਕਰੈੱਮ (creme), ਮਨਾਮਾ (Manama), ਮੋਰੱਕੋ (Morocco), ਰੋਮ (Rome)

    5. Introduce the letter ਲ (L). Practise words: ਲੀਮਾ (Lima), ਮਾਲੀ (Mali), ਕਿਲੋ (kilo)

    The idea is that all practise words will only contain letters that the students have already learned, and that we can give him a word like ਬੀਅਰ without saying what it means and he'll be able to recognize it for "beer".

    Thanks. That will be wonderful way of introducing alphabets though I need to convince myself on one point. As I have said somewhere in the main book also, Indic scripts are beautifully arranged. If we leave aside the first row and the last two rows of Gurmukhi, the rest of them are arranged according to phonetic sound characteristics. Even the columns follow certain patterns. The letters of the fourth column are all strongly aspirated and the fifth are nasalized. To top it all the succesive rows represent sounds that are articulated with sound organs starting from the velum and moving out until they reach the lips. Therefore can we have an order of introduction of alphabets to the reader that does not loose sight of this. I know this may sound silly to you. Tomorrow I shall collect some more words which may be familiar to an English speaking person and there after start the actual lesson. In the meantime let me have your comment on this. I am extremely grateful for the help rendered.

    Some Punjabi words

    Some Punjabi words are given below:

    ਬੱਕਰੀ = goat; ਬੇਰ = berry; ਬਾਅਦ = after; ਬਾਹਰ = outside; ਬਹਾਰ = season; ਰੱਬ = god; ਪੰਜਾਬ = Punjab; ਖਰਾਬ = bad

    ਟੱਪ = jump; ਆਪ = you or self; ਮਾਪ = measure; ਪਰ = but; ਪੱਟ = thigh; ਪੈਰ = foot; ਪੱਗ = turban; ਪਾਤਰ = character;

    ਪੁੱਤ = son; ਪੱਤਾ = leaf; ਪਿਤਾ = father; ਕੱਤ = spin; ਲੱਤ = leg; ਸੱਤ = seven; ਰਾਤ = night; ਰੇਤ = sand; ਚੜ੍ਹਤ = ascendency

    ਤਾਜ = Taj; ਤੇਜ = sharp; ਤਰਲ = liquid; ਤੇਲ = oil; ਤਾਲਾ = lock; ਕਤਲ = murder

    Here are some more words as required

    ਖ਼ਰਗੋਸ਼ = rabbit; ਅਖ਼ਰੋਟ =walnut; ਖੁਰਮਾਨੀ = apricot; ਦਾਖਲ = admission; ਖੁਦਾ = god

    ਦਾਦਾ = grand father; ਦਾਣਾ = grain; ਦਵਾਤ = ink pot; ਸਦਾ = always; ਸੱਦਾ = invite; ਵਾਦੀ = valley; ਵਦਾਨ = big hammer

    ਦਰਖ਼ਤ = tree; ਦਰਖ਼ਾਸਤ = application; ਨਦਾਨ = innocent; ਵਿਦਰੋਹ = mutiny; ਸਵਾਦ = taste; ਲੱਦ = load; ਵਿਵਾਦ = controversy;

    ਸਖ਼ਤ = strict; ਸ਼ਾਖ਼ = branch; ਰਾਖ਼ = ash; ਰਖ = keep; ਕੱਖ = straw; ਚੱਖ = to taste; ਮੱਖਣ = butter

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